Crystal VS Java benchmarks

Current benchmark data was generated on Fri May 20 2022, full log can be found HERE

CONTRIBUTIONS are WELCOME!

[x86_64][2 cores] Intel(R) Xeon(R) Platinum 8370C CPU @ 2.80GHz (Model 106)

* -m in a file name stands for multi-threading or multi-processing

* -i in a file name stands for direct intrinsics usage. (Usage of simd intrinsics via libraries is not counted)

* -ffi in a file name stands for non-stdlib FFI usage

* (You may find time < time(user) + time(sys) for some non-parallelized programs, the overhead is from GC or JIT compiler, which are allowed to take advantage of multi-cores as that's more close to real-world scenarios.)

binarytrees

Input: 18

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 2.java 696ms 2.2ms 409.6MB 713ms 83ms openjdk 19
java 2.java 732ms 12ms 407.3MB 713ms 120ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 1014ms 30ms 680.5MB 813ms 113ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 2.java 1293ms 8.5ms 1082.9MB 893ms 617ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
crystal 1.cr 1614ms 6.4ms 64.4MB 1927ms 20ms crystal 1.4.1

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 138ms 0.3ms 11.0MB 143ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 2.java 165ms 4.3ms 107.3MB 167ms 37ms openjdk 19
java 2.java 170ms 6.4ms 107.5MB 173ms 20ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 296ms 1.4ms 243.7MB 183ms 150ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 2.java 495ms 4.1ms 170.5MB 243ms 27ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

coro-prime-sieve

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 1979ms 40ms 20.5MB 1940ms 23ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1-m.java 3243ms 64ms 199.4MB 6117ms 97ms loom 19

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 111ms 1.9ms 7.6MB 97ms 3ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1-m.java 731ms 33ms 110.8MB 1270ms 53ms loom 19

edigits

Input: 250001

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 84ms 3.2ms 9.3MB 67ms 3ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1-m.java 760ms 90ms 208.5MB 1317ms 83ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 933ms 37ms 465.4MB 1367ms 287ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 960ms 60ms 203.4MB 1720ms 73ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 1076ms 28ms 279.7MB 1337ms 93ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

Input: 100000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 31ms 0.3ms 7.0MB 20ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1-m.java 439ms 25ms 116.5MB 747ms 40ms openjdk 19
java 1-m.java 450ms 68ms 131.1MB 740ms 43ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 522ms 30ms 213.8MB 750ms 147ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1.java 718ms 6.1ms 187.5MB 653ms 57ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

fannkuch-redux

Input: 11

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 1-m.java 1694ms 12ms 115.5MB 3200ms 47ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 1-m.java 1739ms 18ms 40.9MB 3257ms 50ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 1764ms 64ms 40.9MB 3373ms 13ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 1777ms 17ms 41.6MB 3387ms 23ms openjdk 19
crystal 1.cr 3816ms 3.5ms 3.0MB 3800ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1

Input: 10

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 1-m.java 270ms 8.0ms 39.6MB 433ms 27ms openjdk 19
java 1-m.java 274ms 9.9ms 40.7MB 453ms 10ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 302ms 5.9ms 40.7MB 427ms 53ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
crystal 1.cr 315ms 1.6ms 3.0MB 303ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1.java 590ms 20ms 98.1MB 440ms 30ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

fasta

Input: 2500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 4.java 506ms 1.2ms 42.0MB 553ms 20ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 4.java 515ms 4.6ms 41.1MB 577ms 13ms openjdk 19
java 4.java 543ms 3.4ms 38.8MB 560ms 53ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
crystal 2.cr 842ms 6.9ms 3.6MB 683ms 143ms crystal 1.4.1
java 4.java 930ms 2.1ms 126.2MB 910ms 47ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
crystal 1.cr 1030ms 0.5ms 14.8MB 857ms 160ms crystal 1.4.1

Input: 250000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 2.cr 88ms 0.7ms 3.5MB 70ms 10ms crystal 1.4.1
crystal 1.cr 109ms 2.2ms 4.6MB 83ms 13ms crystal 1.4.1
java 4.java 141ms 5.7ms 39.0MB 170ms 7ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 4.java 145ms 4.3ms 39.1MB 167ms 13ms openjdk 19
java 4.java 181ms 3.0ms 40.2MB 170ms 47ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 4.java 464ms 4.5ms 89.8MB 187ms 23ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

helloworld

Input: QwQ

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 3.0ms 0.6ms 3.0MB 0ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1.java 71ms 3.3ms 59.7MB 64ms 14ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 1.java 75ms 4.6ms 38.7MB 76ms 6ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 78ms 3.9ms 38.4MB 76ms 6ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 115ms 2.8ms 38.3MB 76ms 52ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

http-server

Input: 3000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 2833ms 1054ms 131.4MB 303ms 290ms crystal 1.4.1

Input: 500

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 1242ms 112ms 32.7MB 20ms 63ms crystal 1.4.1

lru

Input: 1000 1000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 0-unsafe.cr 63ms 2.1ms 5.0MB 50ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
crystal 1.cr 108ms 1.8ms 3.0MB 100ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1

Input: 1000 3000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 0-unsafe.cr 175ms 1.0ms 3.0MB 163ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
crystal 1.cr 313ms 0.4ms 3.1MB 300ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1

Input: 100 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 0-unsafe.cr 32ms 2.1ms 3.1MB 20ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
crystal 1.cr 55ms 1.2ms 5.1MB 47ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1

mandelbrot

Input: 5000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 996ms 1.0ms 9.6MB 980ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 19
java 2.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 19
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 2.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 46ms 0.6ms 5.0MB 33ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 2.java 764ms 19ms 539.3MB 980ms 110ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 780ms 7.5ms 436.8MB 893ms 83ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 802ms 12ms 404.2MB 913ms 93ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 871ms 13ms 565.4MB 993ms 170ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 1085ms 6.8ms 319.6MB 880ms 80ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 2.java 1416ms 25ms 1046.7MB 1007ms 677ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1.java 1467ms 5.1ms 1058.4MB 983ms 703ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

merkletrees

Input: 17

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 1.java 489ms 6.8ms 286.1MB 513ms 60ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 491ms 9.7ms 288.9MB 507ms 63ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 870ms 1.9ms 365.7MB 693ms 97ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 1.java 952ms 3.7ms 751.8MB 610ms 470ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
crystal 1.cr 1119ms 48ms 66.2MB 1287ms 13ms crystal 1.4.1

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 1.java 215ms 3.7ms 170.3MB 240ms 33ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 218ms 2.5ms 172.0MB 227ms 43ms openjdk 18.0.1
crystal 1.cr 226ms 4.8ms 19.4MB 250ms 3ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1.java 422ms 10.0ms 352.5MB 247ms 223ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1.java 585ms 6.4ms 245.8MB 370ms 73ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

nbody

Input: 5000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 510ms 0.8ms 3.1MB 500ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
crystal 2.cr 540ms 0.7ms 3.1MB 530ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1.java 551ms 5.5ms 40.5MB 567ms 13ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 554ms 3.0ms 39.8MB 567ms 10ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 602ms 0.9ms 40.9MB 573ms 53ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1.java 856ms 5.8ms 83.0MB 570ms 23ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 2.java 1864ms 6.1ms 544.3MB 1893ms 117ms openjdk 19
java 2.java 1934ms 11ms 547.2MB 1927ms 157ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 2548ms 12ms 1221.8MB 1943ms 790ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

Input: 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 55ms 1.3ms 3.0MB 43ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
crystal 2.cr 59ms 2.2ms 5.1MB 47ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1.java 135ms 3.2ms 40.6MB 147ms 17ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 136ms 2.9ms 41.5MB 147ms 17ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 188ms 6.9ms 38.4MB 160ms 53ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 2.java 410ms 4.1ms 337.4MB 470ms 83ms openjdk 19
java 2.java 418ms 12ms 322.7MB 483ms 73ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 452ms 2.8ms 88.4MB 170ms 23ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 2.java 668ms 2.0ms 471.8MB 523ms 297ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

nsieve

Input: 12

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 2.cr 466ms 1.2ms 10.1MB 450ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
crystal 1.cr 878ms 62ms 44.5MB 853ms 10ms crystal 1.4.1
java 2.java 927ms 2.1ms 48.9MB 960ms 23ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 928ms 5.3ms 50.1MB 963ms 17ms openjdk 19
java 2.java 945ms 3.6ms 47.6MB 930ms 57ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1.java 1022ms 23ms 106.6MB 980ms 80ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1.java 1344ms 124ms 81.9MB 1363ms 27ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 1446ms 54ms 80.8MB 1473ms 17ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 1501ms 185ms 169.4MB 2260ms 57ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 2-m.java 1861ms 8.6ms 131.2MB 3433ms 53ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

Input: 10

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 2.cr 108ms 1.9ms 4.4MB 100ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
crystal 1.cr 147ms 1.5ms 14.8MB 133ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1.java 291ms 1.2ms 57.3MB 267ms 63ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1.java 303ms 5.3ms 57.6MB 337ms 7ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 305ms 8.1ms 59.0MB 327ms 20ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 308ms 1.8ms 43.1MB 343ms 13ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 311ms 1.2ms 46.3MB 357ms 7ms openjdk 19
java 2.java 335ms 1.3ms 43.4MB 330ms 50ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1.java 645ms 7.3ms 138.8MB 467ms 47ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 2.java 927ms 5.2ms 131.1MB 1097ms 43ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

pidigits

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 2771ms 83ms 6.8MB 3037ms 267ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 19
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 653ms 3.5ms 5.4MB 680ms 73ms crystal 1.4.1
java 1.java 1363ms 13ms 396.9MB 1753ms 97ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 1.java 1532ms 15ms 240.8MB 2047ms 80ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 1539ms 11ms 250.8MB 1873ms 60ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 1946ms 0.8ms 933.1MB 1893ms 633ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

spectral-norm

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 2-m.java 4196ms 119ms 114.4MB 8067ms 43ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
crystal 1.cr timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 2.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 19
java 2.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 2-m.java 1250ms 41ms 113.4MB 2290ms 43ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
crystal 1.cr 1507ms 2.2ms 5.6MB 1497ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 2-m.java 1869ms 283ms 40.1MB 3540ms 17ms openjdk 19
java 2-m.java 2399ms 256ms 38.9MB 4587ms 13ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2-m.java 2632ms 59ms 38.7MB 4990ms 53ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

Input: 2000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
crystal 1.cr 381ms 1.5ms 3.8MB 367ms 0ms crystal 1.4.1
java 2-m.java 550ms 46ms 39.9MB 977ms 10ms openjdk 19
java 2-m.java 719ms 15ms 40.3MB 1293ms 23ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 745ms 21ms 103.0MB 733ms 23ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 2-m.java 782ms 4.4ms 39.0MB 1343ms 57ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1