Kotlin VS Rust benchmarks

Current benchmark data was generated on Fri May 20 2022, full log can be found HERE

CONTRIBUTIONS are WELCOME!

[x86_64][2 cores] Intel(R) Xeon(R) Platinum 8370C CPU @ 2.80GHz (Model 106)

* -m in a file name stands for multi-threading or multi-processing

* -i in a file name stands for direct intrinsics usage. (Usage of simd intrinsics via libraries is not counted)

* -ffi in a file name stands for non-stdlib FFI usage

* (You may find time < time(user) + time(sys) for some non-parallelized programs, the overhead is from GC or JIT compiler, which are allowed to take advantage of multi-cores as that's more close to real-world scenarios.)

binarytrees

Input: 18

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 733ms 92ms 842.9MB 710ms 130ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
rust 4.rs 1792ms 160ms 33.7MB 1770ms 7ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 3.rs 1864ms 18ms 49.8MB 1833ms 17ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 5.rs 2061ms 144ms 33.9MB 2040ms 3ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt 3949ms 18ms 514.4MB 3847ms 87ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 133ms 2.6ms 109.5MB 117ms 20ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
rust 4.rs 155ms 13ms 5.8MB 140ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 5.rs 171ms 15ms 5.9MB 157ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 3.rs 182ms 1.8ms 7.8MB 170ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt 304ms 2.8ms 62.2MB 283ms 3ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

coro-prime-sieve

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 3-m.rs 926ms 44ms 6.2MB 1777ms 27ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 5-m.rs 1068ms 96ms 5.5MB 2043ms 30ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 3.rs 1836ms 5.8ms 6.5MB 1803ms 13ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1-m.rs 2854ms 48ms 5.6MB 5457ms 143ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt 2944ms 38ms 157.9MB 3853ms 60ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 3273ms 617ms 187.2MB 6243ms 67ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
rust 4.rs 3338ms 1.9ms 4.7MB 3330ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 2-m.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 3-m.rs 74ms 1.5ms 3.0MB 120ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 5-m.rs 94ms 26ms 3.2MB 153ms 3ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 3.rs 128ms 12ms 3.1MB 110ms 3ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1-m.rs 203ms 7.2ms 2.8MB 353ms 20ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 4.rs 221ms 0.3ms 2.7MB 207ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1-m.kt 689ms 63ms 100.4MB 1230ms 27ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 848ms 12ms 70.4MB 1487ms 23ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 1.kt 1044ms 5.6ms 32.7MB 1030ms 7ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 2-m.kt 1092ms 73ms 106.9MB 1977ms 57ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

helloworld

Input: QwQ

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 1.rs 2.1ms 1.0ms 0.6MB 0ms 0ms rustc 1.63.0
kotlin 1.kt 2.5ms 0.4ms 1.2MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
rust 1.rs 6.1ms 9.2ms 0.6MB 0ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt 66ms 2.9ms 40.8MB 52ms 8ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

http-server

Input: 3000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 1.rs 149ms 13ms 21.0MB 90ms 87ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 2-m.rs 470ms 50ms 114.0MB 220ms 500ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1-http2.rs 915ms 119ms 87.8MB 1123ms 477ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
rust 2-http2.rs timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0

Input: 500

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 1.rs 80ms 16ms 17.2MB 17ms 23ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 2.rs 132ms 11ms 27.9MB 37ms 87ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1-http2.rs 404ms 19ms 32.1MB 583ms 120ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 2-m.kt 2117ms 172ms 241.9MB 3383ms 230ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1-m.kt 2372ms 280ms 228.1MB 3690ms 287ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
rust 2-http2.rs timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0

json-serde

Input: sample 5000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 3.rs 77ms 1.0ms 36.3MB 57ms 7ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 2.rs 77ms 1.7ms 38.1MB 53ms 7ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1.rs 120ms 2.9ms 75.4MB 73ms 33ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1-m.kt 1068ms 28ms 216.8MB 1817ms 83ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

Input: canada 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 2.rs 496ms 0.9ms 258.4MB 383ms 97ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 3.rs 499ms 3.7ms 257.7MB 377ms 107ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1.rs 828ms 1.8ms 605.3MB 583ms 227ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1-m.kt 3906ms 112ms 949.9MB 5693ms 247ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

lru

Input: 1000 1000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 0-unsafe.rs 53ms 6.9ms 0.6MB 43ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1.rs 80ms 1.6ms 2.1MB 70ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 2-m.kt 223ms 5.9ms 113.8MB 330ms 30ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 234ms 3.0ms 109.7MB 300ms 20ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2.kt 363ms 3.4ms 88.5MB 337ms 10ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

Input: 1000 3000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 0-unsafe.rs 208ms 2.4ms 0.6MB 200ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1.rs 301ms 19ms 2.0MB 290ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 2.kt 367ms 3.8ms 130.7MB 470ms 27ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 455ms 2.2ms 132.6MB 517ms 27ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2.kt 1125ms 1.8ms 134.1MB 1087ms 23ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

Input: 100 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 0-unsafe.rs 36ms 2.1ms 0.6MB 23ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1.rs 46ms 1.2ms 0.7MB 40ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt 173ms 4.0ms 74.2MB 237ms 17ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2.kt 174ms 8.8ms 42.1MB 163ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 2-m.kt 186ms 22ms 83.1MB 273ms 20ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

merkletrees

Input: 17

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 461ms 8.2ms 362.9MB 450ms 80ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
rust 1.rs 927ms 16ms 33.8MB 903ms 7ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 178ms 1.5ms 220.8MB 160ms 47ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
rust 1.rs 192ms 2.1ms 9.8MB 180ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt 560ms 1.8ms 62.4MB 537ms 10ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

nbody

Input: 5000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 4-i.rs 253ms 0.8ms 0.6MB 240ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 7-i.rs 305ms 0.2ms 0.6MB 290ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 3.rs 319ms 0.2ms 0.6MB 310ms 0ms rustc 1.63.0
rust 2.rs 347ms 9.0ms 0.6MB 337ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1.rs 390ms 11ms 0.6MB 377ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt 570ms 1.1ms 43.1MB 583ms 13ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt 583ms 1.1ms 1.1MB 570ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

Input: 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 4-i.rs 29ms 1.4ms 0.6MB 20ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 7-i.rs 33ms 1.1ms 0.6MB 23ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 3.rs 35ms 1.8ms 0.6MB 30ms 0ms rustc 1.63.0
rust 1.rs 42ms 1.4ms 0.6MB 30ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 2.rs 50ms 12ms 0.6MB 40ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1n.kt 61ms 0.3ms 1.1MB 50ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 1.kt 134ms 4.0ms 43.2MB 143ms 17ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

pidigits

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 2.rs 1829ms 0.8ms 2.8MB 1750ms 67ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1.rs 1829ms 0.7ms 2.9MB 1670ms 143ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 2n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 1.rs 390ms 0.6ms 2.6MB 373ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 2.rs 409ms 0.9ms 2.6MB 397ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt 1456ms 23ms 227.6MB 1820ms 50ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 2n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

secp256k1

Input: 2000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 0.rs 146ms 0.7ms 0.6MB 140ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1.rs 1857ms 16ms 0.7MB 1843ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1.kt 4527ms 12ms 182.2MB 5443ms 70ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

Input: 500

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 0.rs 39ms 0.9ms 0.7MB 30ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
rust 1.rs 467ms 1.7ms 0.7MB 457ms 0ms rustc 1.61.0
kotlin 1-m.kt 1369ms 13ms 182.1MB 2103ms 53ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2