Kotlin VS Ruby benchmarks

Current benchmark data was generated on Wed May 25 2022, full log can be found HERE

CONTRIBUTIONS are WELCOME!

[x86_64][2 cores] Intel(R) Xeon(R) Platinum 8272CL CPU @ 2.60GHz (Model 85)

* -m in a file name stands for multi-threading or multi-processing

* -i in a file name stands for direct intrinsics usage. (Usage of simd intrinsics via libraries is not counted)

* -ffi in a file name stands for non-stdlib FFI usage

* (You may find time < time(user) + time(sys) for some non-parallelized programs, the overhead is from GC or JIT compiler, which are allowed to take advantage of multi-cores as that's more close to real-world scenarios.)

binarytrees

Input: 18

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 712ms 0.5ms 307.9MB 740ms 87ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms truffleruby 22.1.0

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 137ms 1.9ms 109.6MB 113ms 33ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 380ms 1.3ms 62.1MB 350ms 13ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
ruby 1.rb 959ms 4.8ms 35.5MB 927ms 20ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb 1007ms 63ms 292.1MB 833ms 157ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
ruby 1-m.rb 1154ms 16ms 374.0MB 1910ms 153ms truffleruby 22.1.0

coro-prime-sieve

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 2-m.kt 3070ms 596ms 182.5MB 5807ms 87ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 3092ms 4.3ms 170.9MB 3890ms 70ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
ruby 1.rb 3734ms 38ms 336.8MB 3510ms 207ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 2-m.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms truffleruby 22.1.0

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
ruby 1.rb 274ms 3.5ms 42.3MB 230ms 23ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb 439ms 2.5ms 298.8MB 270ms 150ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
kotlin 1-m.kt 706ms 27ms 93.2MB 1247ms 43ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 976ms 5.7ms 68.2MB 1703ms 33ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 2-m.kt 1003ms 75ms 105.5MB 1820ms 40ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 1172ms 4.8ms 48.7MB 1147ms 10ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms truffleruby 22.1.0

helloworld

Input: QwQ

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 2.6ms 0.9ms 1.2MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
ruby 1.rb 47ms 1.2ms 138.4MB 20ms 30ms truffleruby 22.1.0
ruby 1.rb 68ms 3.3ms 29.9MB 46ms 8ms ruby 3.1.2
kotlin 1.kt 73ms 2.6ms 41.1MB 52ms 12ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
ruby 1.rb 255ms 11ms 286.7MB 106ms 136ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2

http-server

Input: 3000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

Input: 500

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 2-m.kt 2250ms 240ms 237.8MB 3337ms 303ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1-m.kt 2284ms 167ms 236.0MB 3647ms 287ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

json-serde

Input: sample 5000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
ruby 1.rb 395ms 1.2ms 48.4MB 353ms 27ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb 572ms 1.1ms 305.6MB 413ms 140ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
kotlin 1-m.kt 1042ms 27ms 215.1MB 1737ms 83ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms truffleruby 22.1.0

Input: canada 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
ruby 1.rb 3803ms 283ms 419.3MB 3567ms 220ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb 3923ms 1.6ms 162.5MB 3800ms 103ms ruby 3.1.2
kotlin 1.kt 4142ms 313ms 954.1MB 5743ms 387ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms truffleruby 22.1.0

lru

Input: 1000 1000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 2-m.kt 243ms 1.3ms 112.3MB 323ms 47ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 256ms 2.6ms 109.7MB 307ms 33ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2.kt 395ms 25ms 92.1MB 363ms 13ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
ruby 1.rb 601ms 3.2ms 30.2MB 573ms 13ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb 668ms 1.4ms 286.7MB 507ms 147ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
ruby 1-m.rb 1118ms 34ms 324.3MB 1683ms 130ms truffleruby 22.1.0
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

Input: 1000 3000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 2.kt 417ms 7.8ms 127.4MB 510ms 47ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 484ms 10.0ms 138.4MB 517ms 53ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2.kt 1335ms 16ms 150.2MB 1290ms 30ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
ruby 1.rb 1454ms 1.2ms 286.8MB 1283ms 153ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb 1827ms 148ms 30.2MB 1800ms 10ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 1-m.rb 1929ms 66ms 366.3MB 2780ms 180ms truffleruby 22.1.0
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

Input: 100 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 184ms 1.5ms 74.1MB 240ms 27ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2.kt 192ms 3.8ms 42.1MB 167ms 10ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 2-m.kt 199ms 1.9ms 78.8MB 280ms 30ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
ruby 1.rb 334ms 0.5ms 30.0MB 313ms 3ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb 419ms 1.1ms 286.8MB 280ms 123ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
ruby 1-m.rb 801ms 86ms 311.0MB 1277ms 97ms truffleruby 22.1.0
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

merkletrees

Input: 17

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 538ms 9.7ms 363.9MB 503ms 113ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms truffleruby 22.1.0

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 203ms 1.8ms 221.2MB 180ms 57ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 689ms 9.9ms 74.3MB 657ms 10ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
ruby 1-m.rb 3899ms 12ms 522.4MB 7130ms 253ms truffleruby 22.1.0
ruby 1.rb 3919ms 269ms 300.9MB 3750ms 147ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb 4824ms 19ms 44.4MB 4790ms 17ms ruby 3.1.2

nbody

Input: 5000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 633ms 16ms 43.1MB 647ms 10ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt 705ms 4.2ms 1.1MB 693ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
ruby 2.rb 1453ms 19ms 300.6MB 1823ms 127ms truffleruby 22.1.0
ruby 2.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 2.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2

Input: 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1n.kt 73ms 1.5ms 1.1MB 67ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 1.kt 149ms 1.4ms 43.2MB 160ms 17ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
ruby 2-m.rb 547ms 17ms 293.9MB 873ms 107ms truffleruby 22.1.0
ruby 2.rb 2300ms 157ms 286.8MB 2147ms 137ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
ruby 2.rb 2985ms 224ms 30.0MB 2960ms 10ms ruby 3.1.2

pidigits

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 2n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms truffleruby 22.1.0

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 1560ms 32ms 249.6MB 1917ms 100ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
ruby 1-m.rb 2398ms 14ms 380.8MB 4403ms 170ms truffleruby 22.1.0
ruby 1.rb 2920ms 118ms 162.8MB 2817ms 83ms ruby 3.1.2
ruby 1.rb 3138ms 10ms 420.7MB 2910ms 213ms ruby/yjit 3.1.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21
kotlin 2n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.6.21

secp256k1

Input: 2000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 4437ms 132ms 187.6MB 5327ms 63ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

Input: 500

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1-m.kt 1370ms 11ms 193.2MB 2130ms 77ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2