Kotlin VS D benchmarks

Current benchmark data was generated on Mon Feb 06 2023, full log can be found HERE

CONTRIBUTIONS are WELCOME!

[x86_64][2 cores] Intel(R) Xeon(R) Platinum 8272CL CPU @ 2.60GHz (Model 85)

* -m in a file name stands for multi-threading or multi-processing

* -i in a file name stands for direct intrinsics usage. (Usage of simd intrinsics via libraries is not counted)

* -ffi in a file name stands for non-stdlib FFI usage

* (You may find time < time(user) + time(sys) for some non-parallelized programs, the overhead is from GC or JIT compiler, which are allowed to take advantage of multi-cores as that's more close to real-world scenarios.)

binarytrees

Input: 18

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 680ms 32ms 605.5MB 653ms 140ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
d 1.d 3392ms 64ms 74.9MB 3630ms 33ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 4652ms 28ms 154.1MB 5177ms 33ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 214.4MB 8197ms 1193ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 148ms 16ms 109.3MB 117ms 33ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
d 1.d 306ms 5.6ms 15.1MB 287ms 7ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 394ms 1.4ms 27.1MB 410ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1-m.kt 596ms 9.2ms 30.5MB 1030ms 100ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

coro-prime-sieve

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 2-m.kt 3157ms 743ms 180.6MB 5957ms 97ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 3186ms 97ms 160.2MB 4060ms 70ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 14.4MB 4963ms 17ms dmd 2.102.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 13.4MB 4963ms 17ms ldc2 1.30.0
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 10.7MB 6297ms 270ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 2-m.kt timeout 0.0ms 31.8MB 9370ms 150ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1-m.kt 752ms 40ms 101.1MB 1307ms 60ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 1041ms 62ms 99.5MB 1863ms 50ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 1092ms 41ms 26.4MB 1957ms 43ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 1.kt 1175ms 17ms 8.7MB 1417ms 97ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
d 1.d 1272ms 6.8ms 8.4MB 1247ms 10ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 1655ms 8.1ms 10.0MB 1640ms 3ms dmd 2.102.0

helloworld

Input: QwQ

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 2.2ms 0.3ms 4.4MB 0ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1.kt 2.7ms 0.5ms 1.5MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
d 1.d 2.7ms 0.8ms 2.8MB 0ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
kotlin 1.kt 68ms 5.9ms 40.9MB 54ms 12ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

http-server

Input: 3000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 240.0MB 8973ms 560ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2.kt timeout 0.0ms 296.4MB 8620ms 767ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

Input: 500

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 2-m.kt 2762ms 277ms 199.6MB 4230ms 370ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1-m.kt 3108ms 353ms 192.5MB 4943ms 437ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

json-serde

Input: sample 5000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 2.d 75ms 3.1ms 15.5MB 67ms 3ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 291ms 1.1ms 21.5MB 277ms 7ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1-m.kt 1233ms 3.7ms 216.0MB 2020ms 103ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

Input: canada 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 2.d 608ms 2.1ms 139.8MB 543ms 43ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 3142ms 1.9ms 157.1MB 3140ms 50ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1.kt 4641ms 52ms 858.7MB 6480ms 293ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

lru

Input: 1000 1000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 174ms 0.7ms 3.7MB 167ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 249ms 1.3ms 5.3MB 240ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 2.kt 253ms 4.6ms 113.5MB 353ms 23ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 271ms 20ms 113.4MB 323ms 43ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 468ms 3.6ms 48.2MB 687ms 23ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 14.9MB 5003ms 7ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

Input: 1000 3000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 2.kt 423ms 8.2ms 125.2MB 493ms 50ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 490ms 5.2ms 132.5MB 530ms 37ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
d 1.d 509ms 1.6ms 3.7MB 497ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 743ms 15ms 5.4MB 733ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 2.kt 1471ms 4.0ms 115.4MB 2097ms 90ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 17.3MB 4993ms 13ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

Input: 100 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 75ms 0.9ms 3.7MB 70ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 110ms 0.8ms 5.1MB 100ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1.kt 190ms 6.1ms 73.7MB 247ms 23ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 198ms 6.4ms 75.8MB 280ms 20ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 232ms 1.0ms 28.3MB 357ms 7ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 17.1MB 5000ms 7ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

merkletrees

Input: 17

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 514ms 21ms 361.1MB 490ms 93ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
d 1.d 1591ms 1.6ms 74.8MB 1653ms 17ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 2722ms 3.1ms 154.0MB 3030ms 40ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1-m.kt 3231ms 169ms 138.5MB 4950ms 777ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 203ms 3.9ms 221.1MB 177ms 57ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
d 1.d 316ms 1.9ms 38.9MB 293ms 10ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 560ms 4.4ms 40.4MB 600ms 3ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1-m.kt 648ms 0.2ms 38.4MB 1067ms 100ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

nbody

Input: 5000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 463ms 0.1ms 1.6MB 450ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 468ms 1.8ms 1.6MB 457ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
kotlin 1.kt 660ms 1.7ms 43.2MB 647ms 23ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt 660ms 9.2ms 1.5MB 650ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
d 1.d 1242ms 0.2ms 2.7MB 1230ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 2.d 2199ms 6.7ms 2.6MB 2190ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0

Input: 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 49ms 0.3ms 1.5MB 40ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 51ms 0.2ms 1.6MB 40ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
kotlin 1n.kt 75ms 2.4ms 5.5MB 67ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
d 1.d 127ms 0.3ms 2.6MB 117ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1.kt 156ms 6.4ms 42.8MB 153ms 20ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
d 2.d 224ms 2.2ms 2.6MB 210ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0

pidigits

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 3024ms 5.6ms 7.8MB 3013ms 20ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 9.4MB 5000ms 7ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 212.7MB 5380ms 73ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 18.8MB 6640ms 163ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 2n.kt timeout 0.0ms 11.0MB 5047ms 123ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 729ms 3.5ms 7.9MB 717ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 1409ms 1.1ms 9.4MB 1393ms 7ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1.kt 1500ms 20ms 248.1MB 1817ms 97ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 19.0MB 6643ms 180ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 2n.kt timeout 0.0ms 8.2MB 5037ms 130ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

regex-redux

Input: 2500000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 3.d 765ms 5.5ms 170.8MB 933ms 60ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 3.d 1684ms 8.3ms 171.4MB 1860ms 63ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 161.4MB 5330ms 63ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 277.2MB 5207ms 970ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

Input: 250000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 3.d 84ms 1.7ms 24.9MB 83ms 7ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 3.d 176ms 3.3ms 25.3MB 183ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
kotlin 1.kt 1024ms 13ms 95.3MB 1387ms 47ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt 4777ms 65ms 65.3MB 6153ms 33ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

secp256k1

Input: 2000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 4515ms 7.7ms 187.0MB 5427ms 73ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 6.0MB 5003ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 3.7MB 4987ms 13ms ldc2 1.30.0

Input: 500

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1-m.kt 1387ms 15ms 186.2MB 2147ms 67ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
d 1.d 1514ms 25ms 3.7MB 1500ms 7ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 2995ms 5.5ms 6.0MB 2987ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0