D VS Rust benchmarks

Current benchmark data was generated on Mon Oct 03 2022, full log can be found HERE

CONTRIBUTIONS are WELCOME!

[x86_64][2 cores] Intel(R) Xeon(R) Platinum 8370C CPU @ 2.80GHz (Model 106)

* -m in a file name stands for multi-threading or multi-processing

* -i in a file name stands for direct intrinsics usage. (Usage of simd intrinsics via libraries is not counted)

* -ffi in a file name stands for non-stdlib FFI usage

* (You may find time < time(user) + time(sys) for some non-parallelized programs, the overhead is from GC or JIT compiler, which are allowed to take advantage of multi-cores as that's more close to real-world scenarios.)

binarytrees

Input: 18

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 4.rs 1546ms 1.5ms 33.7MB 1523ms 7ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 5.rs 1738ms 4.2ms 33.8MB 1713ms 3ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 3.rs 1832ms 14ms 49.8MB 1807ms 13ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 3016ms 25ms 75.2MB 3230ms 23ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 4680ms 29ms 124.4MB 4780ms 17ms dmd 2.100.2

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 4.rs 141ms 1.9ms 5.7MB 130ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 5.rs 158ms 1.3ms 5.6MB 150ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 3.rs 164ms 3.7ms 7.9MB 147ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 266ms 5.5ms 15.2MB 253ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 380ms 9.7ms 16.2MB 370ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

coro-prime-sieve

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 3-m.rs 949ms 23ms 6.1MB 1817ms 30ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 5-m.rs 1215ms 288ms 5.3MB 2340ms 30ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 3.rs 1824ms 8.8ms 6.5MB 1783ms 27ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 1-m.rs 2566ms 12ms 5.2MB 4930ms 103ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 4.rs 3186ms 0.9ms 4.3MB 3170ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 3-m.rs 74ms 2.9ms 2.9MB 123ms 3ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 5-m.rs 80ms 16ms 3.0MB 127ms 3ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 3.rs 118ms 0.5ms 3.2MB 103ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 1-m.rs 193ms 9.3ms 2.8MB 320ms 20ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 4.rs 210ms 0.2ms 2.5MB 200ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 1304ms 23ms 8.5MB 1287ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 1628ms 5.5ms 9.4MB 1610ms 3ms dmd 2.100.2

edigits

Input: 250001

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 1.rs 147ms 0.7ms 3.6MB 140ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 2.rs 600ms 1.4ms 3.7MB 587ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 3826ms 3.2ms 7.9MB 3817ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 4475ms 0.9ms 8.8MB 4463ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

Input: 100000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 1.rs 41ms 0.7ms 3.0MB 30ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 2.rs 113ms 0.1ms 3.3MB 107ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 656ms 1.6ms 7.8MB 643ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 813ms 2.0ms 8.7MB 797ms 3ms dmd 2.100.2

fasta

Input: 2500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 5c-m.rs 182ms 3.7ms 1.3MB 317ms 3ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 5-m.rs 202ms 2.7ms 1.2MB 360ms 3ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 203ms 0.5ms 27.7MB 180ms 10ms ldc2 1.30.0
rust 1c.rs 227ms 0.9ms 0.6MB 217ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 1.rs 316ms 1.8ms 0.6MB 303ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 767ms 1.9ms 46.9MB 753ms 7ms dmd 2.100.2

Input: 250000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 24ms 0.5ms 7.2MB 13ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
rust 1c.rs 27ms 0.4ms 0.7MB 17ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 5c-m.rs 28ms 2.7ms 1.2MB 37ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 5-m.rs 29ms 1.0ms 1.2MB 37ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 1.rs 35ms 0.5ms 0.6MB 23ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 81ms 0.7ms 12.5MB 70ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

helloworld

Input: QwQ

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 1.rs 1.9ms 0.8ms 0.6MB 0ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 1.rs 2.2ms 0.8ms 0.6MB 0ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 2.3ms 0.6ms 3.0MB 0ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 2.5ms 0.8ms 4.0MB 0ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

lru

Input: 1000 1000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 0-unsafe.rs 63ms 2.4ms 0.6MB 53ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 1.rs 87ms 4.7ms 2.1MB 77ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 179ms 0.8ms 4.1MB 170ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 245ms 1.5ms 4.9MB 237ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

Input: 1000 3000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 0-unsafe.rs 205ms 4.3ms 0.6MB 190ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 1.rs 290ms 20ms 2.1MB 280ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 526ms 1.0ms 4.0MB 520ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 722ms 0.5ms 5.0MB 713ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

Input: 100 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 0-unsafe.rs 35ms 0.9ms 0.6MB 27ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 1.rs 44ms 0.1ms 0.6MB 40ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 78ms 0.1ms 4.2MB 70ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 106ms 0.3ms 4.7MB 97ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

mandelbrot

Input: 5000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 9.rs 414ms 0.8ms 4.8MB 400ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
d 1.d 574ms 0.5ms 7.0MB 560ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
rust 8.rs 580ms 0.1ms 4.9MB 567ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 2509ms 1.2ms 6.9MB 2497ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 9.rs 21ms 1.3ms 0.6MB 10ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
d 1.d 27ms 0.2ms 2.9MB 20ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
rust 8.rs 31ms 5.0ms 0.6MB 23ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 107ms 0.3ms 3.4MB 97ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

merkletrees

Input: 17

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 1.rs 892ms 8.0ms 33.9MB 867ms 13ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 1405ms 17ms 75.1MB 1467ms 7ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 2623ms 16ms 153.4MB 2913ms 33ms dmd 2.100.2

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 1.rs 185ms 2.7ms 9.9MB 170ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 277ms 1.6ms 38.9MB 260ms 7ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 543ms 1.1ms 40.0MB 580ms 3ms dmd 2.100.2

nbody

Input: 5000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 4-i.rs 252ms 0.2ms 0.6MB 240ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 7-i.rs 305ms 0.5ms 0.6MB 290ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 3.rs 338ms 0.2ms 0.6MB 330ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 2.rs 341ms 5.7ms 0.6MB 330ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 1.rs 384ms 0.6ms 0.6MB 370ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 425ms 0.3ms 1.2MB 420ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 435ms 0.7ms 1.2MB 427ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 1533ms 0.7ms 1.9MB 1520ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2
d 2.d 2679ms 1.8ms 2.0MB 2663ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

Input: 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 4-i.rs 28ms 0.8ms 0.6MB 20ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 7-i.rs 33ms 0.5ms 0.6MB 23ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 3.rs 36ms 0.5ms 0.7MB 30ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 2.rs 38ms 2.1ms 0.6MB 30ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 1.rs 41ms 0.6ms 0.6MB 30ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 46ms 0.6ms 1.2MB 37ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 47ms 0.3ms 1.2MB 40ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 157ms 0.5ms 2.0MB 150ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2
d 2.d 271ms 0.7ms 1.9MB 257ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

nsieve

Input: 12

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 2.rs 462ms 1.4ms 6.7MB 450ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 618ms 34ms 43.8MB 597ms 10ms ldc2 1.30.0
rust 1.rs 736ms 47ms 40.9MB 713ms 7ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 739ms 71ms 75.2MB 717ms 7ms dmd 2.100.2
d 2.d 860ms 2.3ms 48.6MB 837ms 7ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 1638ms 0.3ms 78.7MB 1613ms 7ms dmd 2.100.2

Input: 10

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 2.rs 107ms 1.4ms 3.1MB 97ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 128ms 1.2ms 13.9MB 110ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
rust 1.rs 131ms 1.2ms 11.5MB 120ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 140ms 3.9ms 23.5MB 127ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2
d 2.d 204ms 0.6ms 14.9MB 190ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 408ms 0.5ms 16.5MB 393ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

pidigits

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 1.rs 1934ms 3.2ms 2.8MB 1750ms 167ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 2.rs 1947ms 0.7ms 2.9MB 1877ms 53ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 3411ms 0.5ms 7.9MB 3410ms 13ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 1.rs 393ms 1.0ms 2.6MB 377ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 2.rs 435ms 0.5ms 2.6MB 423ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 807ms 2.2ms 7.9MB 800ms 3ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 1681ms 5.7ms 8.9MB 1670ms 7ms dmd 2.100.2

secp256k1

Input: 2000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 0.rs 152ms 5.5ms 0.7MB 147ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 1.rs 2062ms 0.5ms 0.7MB 2050ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0

Input: 500

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 0.rs 40ms 1.5ms 0.7MB 30ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 1.rs 507ms 20ms 0.6MB 497ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 1455ms 3.6ms 3.8MB 1450ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 3193ms 0.9ms 5.1MB 3190ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2

spectral-norm

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 7-m.rs 1059ms 1.5ms 2.3MB 2053ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 8-m.rs 1069ms 15ms 2.5MB 2047ms 7ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 7.rs 2060ms 0.1ms 2.1MB 2050ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 8.rs 2060ms 0.2ms 2.5MB 2050ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 2-m.rs 2134ms 15ms 2.2MB 4147ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 4594ms 1.9ms 3.8MB 4577ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 4786ms 8.0ms 4.5MB 4770ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2
rust 2.rs timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 7-m.rs 273ms 0.8ms 0.7MB 507ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 8-m.rs 277ms 5.0ms 2.4MB 513ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 8.rs 517ms 0.3ms 2.2MB 507ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 7.rs 518ms 0.3ms 0.6MB 510ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 2-m.rs 540ms 1.6ms 2.2MB 1030ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 1152ms 0.8ms 3.6MB 1140ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 1201ms 3.5ms 4.4MB 1190ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2
rust 2.rs 1707ms 4.3ms 0.6MB 1697ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0

Input: 2000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
rust 8-m.rs 76ms 1.1ms 2.3MB 127ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 7-m.rs 77ms 2.6ms 0.7MB 130ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 7.rs 132ms 0.9ms 0.6MB 120ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0
rust 8.rs 134ms 2.9ms 2.2MB 120ms 0ms rustc 1.66.0-nightly
rust 2-m.rs 143ms 0.5ms 0.7MB 250ms 3ms rustc 1.64.0
d 1.d 292ms 0.4ms 3.4MB 277ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 303ms 0.6ms 4.2MB 290ms 0ms dmd 2.100.2
rust 2.rs 431ms 1.5ms 0.6MB 420ms 0ms rustc 1.64.0