D VS Dart benchmarks

Current benchmark data was generated on Wed Feb 08 2023, full log can be found HERE

CONTRIBUTIONS are WELCOME!

[x86_64][2 cores] Intel(R) Xeon(R) Platinum 8171M CPU @ 2.60GHz (Model 85)

* -m in a file name stands for multi-threading or multi-processing

* -i in a file name stands for direct intrinsics usage. (Usage of simd intrinsics via libraries is not counted)

* -ffi in a file name stands for non-stdlib FFI usage

* (You may find time < time(user) + time(sys) for some non-parallelized programs, the overhead is from GC or JIT compiler, which are allowed to take advantage of multi-cores as that's more close to real-world scenarios.)

binarytrees

Input: 18

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 1302ms 18ms 85.4MB 1263ms 43ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart 1362ms 1.6ms 86.0MB 1327ms 43ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
d 1.d 3904ms 94ms 75.1MB 4177ms 23ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 125.0MB 5580ms 40ms dmd 2.102.0

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 123ms 2.4ms 47.9MB 97ms 17ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart 129ms 2.0ms 47.6MB 97ms 23ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
d 1.d 356ms 15ms 15.1MB 343ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 480ms 7.3ms 27.2MB 497ms 7ms dmd 2.102.0

coro-prime-sieve

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 14.2MB 4970ms 10ms dmd 2.102.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 13.3MB 4960ms 17ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 1.dart timeout 0.0ms 23.7MB 4880ms 93ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart timeout 0.0ms 26.1MB 4900ms 60ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 563ms 14ms 15.8MB 527ms 17ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart 623ms 37ms 16.0MB 567ms 20ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
d 1.d 1458ms 6.4ms 8.2MB 1440ms 3ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 1923ms 9.8ms 9.9MB 1897ms 13ms dmd 2.102.0

edigits

Input: 250001

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 9.4MB 4980ms 3ms dmd 2.102.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 7.6MB 4987ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 1.dart timeout 0.0ms 22.1MB 4977ms 10ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart timeout 0.0ms 21.5MB 4977ms 10ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev

Input: 100000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 1070ms 17ms 6.8MB 1057ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 1250ms 6.7ms 8.8MB 1237ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
dart 1.dart 2024ms 15ms 17.2MB 2000ms 17ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart 2061ms 26ms 15.9MB 2017ms 23ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev

fannkuch-redux

Input: 11

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1-im.d 799ms 0.9ms 1.5MB 1513ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1-i.d 1483ms 6.0ms 1.5MB 1470ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2-im.d 3038ms 42ms 1.5MB 5880ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 4796ms 40ms 1.5MB 4780ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1-i.d timeout 0.0ms 2.2MB 4983ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 1-im.d timeout 0.0ms 2.6MB 9783ms 3ms dmd 2.102.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 2.8MB 4983ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 2-i.d timeout 0.0ms 2.6MB 4983ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 2-im.d timeout 0.0ms 2.7MB 9860ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 2-i.d timeout 0.0ms 1.6MB 4987ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 2.dart timeout 0.0ms 12.5MB 4977ms 0ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 2.dart timeout 0.0ms 13.8MB 4980ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev

Input: 10

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1-im.d 79ms 2.1ms 1.5MB 120ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1-i.d 134ms 13ms 1.6MB 123ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2-im.d 272ms 7.5ms 1.6MB 480ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 386ms 6.0ms 1.6MB 377ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 2.dart 417ms 1.6ms 11.8MB 403ms 0ms dart/exe 2.19.2
d 1.d 420ms 0.6ms 2.7MB 407ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
dart 2.dart 461ms 12ms 11.3MB 443ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
d 2-i.d 480ms 0.4ms 1.5MB 470ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1-im.d 657ms 120ms 2.7MB 1037ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 2-im.d 923ms 22ms 2.9MB 1730ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 1-i.d 1057ms 43ms 2.2MB 1047ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 2-i.d 1622ms 10ms 2.6MB 1613ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0

fasta

Input: 2500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 251ms 3.2ms 30.8MB 227ms 13ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 1.dart 587ms 19ms 15.9MB 570ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 1.dart 626ms 2.3ms 16.8MB 607ms 0ms dart/exe 2.19.2
d 1.d 805ms 2.8ms 40.3MB 787ms 10ms dmd 2.102.0

Input: 250000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 30ms 1.1ms 6.9MB 13ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 1.dart 74ms 3.5ms 15.0MB 57ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 1.dart 76ms 1.9ms 16.4MB 63ms 0ms dart/exe 2.19.2
d 1.d 85ms 0.2ms 13.2MB 77ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0

helloworld

Input: QwQ

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 2.8ms 1.0ms 4.4MB 0ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 1.d 3.3ms 0.9ms 2.9MB 0ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 1.dart 8.4ms 0.3ms 12.2MB 0ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 1.dart 611ms 547ms 13.4MB 0ms 0ms dart/exe 2.19.2

json-serde

Input: sample 5000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 2.d 87ms 5.4ms 15.3MB 80ms 3ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 1.dart 353ms 5.0ms 60.0MB 323ms 20ms dart/exe 2.19.2
d 2.d 357ms 9.7ms 22.5MB 347ms 3ms dmd 2.102.0
dart 1.dart 358ms 16ms 57.4MB 317ms 30ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev

Input: canada 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 2.d 700ms 16ms 138.1MB 650ms 33ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 1.dart 2630ms 4.5ms 300.5MB 2700ms 140ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart 2700ms 8.4ms 301.4MB 2773ms 133ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
d 2.d 3745ms 81ms 157.5MB 3750ms 47ms dmd 2.102.0

knucleotide

Input: 2500000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1-m.d 1337ms 32ms 51.3MB 2470ms 23ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 3-m.dart 3627ms 75ms 283.4MB 6467ms 117ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 3-m.dart 3661ms 88ms 255.4MB 6563ms 120ms dart/exe 2.19.2
d 1-m.d 4450ms 89ms 53.3MB 8250ms 23ms dmd 2.102.0

Input: 250000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1-m.d 169ms 9.7ms 40.6MB 277ms 3ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1-m.d 484ms 14ms 40.8MB 863ms 13ms dmd 2.102.0
dart 3-m.dart 553ms 21ms 199.6MB 880ms 87ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 3-m.dart 559ms 21ms 200.4MB 877ms 87ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev

lru

Input: 1000 1000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 222ms 5.9ms 3.7MB 213ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 2.dart 281ms 2.9ms 16.5MB 263ms 3ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 2.dart 286ms 8.5ms 14.4MB 263ms 3ms dart/exe 2.19.2
d 1.d 296ms 1.2ms 5.3MB 283ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
dart 1.dart 1267ms 4.7ms 16.6MB 1250ms 3ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart 1274ms 2.8ms 17.0MB 1257ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev

Input: 1000 3000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 597ms 2.1ms 3.7MB 587ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 2.dart 803ms 10ms 15.1MB 783ms 3ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 2.dart 806ms 1.9ms 14.6MB 790ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
d 1.d 860ms 10ms 5.4MB 853ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
dart 1.dart 3800ms 8.6ms 15.9MB 3780ms 3ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart 3805ms 20ms 16.7MB 3783ms 3ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev

Input: 100 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 94ms 1.2ms 3.7MB 80ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 128ms 2.3ms 5.0MB 117ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
dart 2.dart 131ms 2.5ms 15.3MB 113ms 3ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 2.dart 134ms 2.0ms 14.8MB 117ms 0ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart 216ms 6.6ms 14.6MB 200ms 3ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart 223ms 8.0ms 14.7MB 200ms 7ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev

mandelbrot

Input: 5000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 713ms 6.5ms 6.3MB 697ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 3279ms 13ms 7.4MB 3260ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 34ms 1.0ms 2.9MB 23ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 140ms 0.9ms 3.7MB 130ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0

merkletrees

Input: 17

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 638ms 10ms 69.2MB 600ms 37ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart 641ms 4.2ms 70.8MB 603ms 43ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
d 1.d 1818ms 21ms 74.8MB 1883ms 23ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 3152ms 10ms 153.9MB 3520ms 57ms dmd 2.102.0

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 159ms 3.9ms 48.5MB 127ms 23ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 1.dart 161ms 7.6ms 50.8MB 130ms 20ms dart/exe 2.19.2
d 1.d 355ms 8.2ms 38.9MB 330ms 13ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 660ms 15ms 40.5MB 707ms 10ms dmd 2.102.0

nbody

Input: 5000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 542ms 7.3ms 1.5MB 527ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 577ms 7.9ms 1.5MB 563ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 3.dart 736ms 6.8ms 13.9MB 717ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 3.dart 742ms 4.1ms 13.8MB 720ms 0ms dart/exe 2.19.2
d 1.d 1466ms 20ms 2.6MB 1453ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 2.d 2593ms 6.6ms 2.7MB 2580ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0

Input: 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 57ms 0.4ms 1.5MB 50ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 60ms 0.3ms 1.5MB 47ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 3.dart 85ms 0.6ms 12.1MB 70ms 0ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 3.dart 86ms 2.4ms 11.5MB 70ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
d 1.d 155ms 4.8ms 2.6MB 140ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 2.d 264ms 4.0ms 2.6MB 257ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0

nsieve

Input: 12

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 942ms 18ms 42.5MB 907ms 13ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 966ms 16ms 48.7MB 930ms 17ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 988ms 16ms 76.1MB 953ms 20ms dmd 2.102.0
d 2.d 1829ms 35ms 50.0MB 1800ms 13ms dmd 2.102.0

Input: 10

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 142ms 5.6ms 14.1MB 127ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 161ms 1.4ms 26.0MB 140ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 2.d 232ms 6.0ms 15.4MB 217ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 2.d 458ms 1.4ms 16.7MB 443ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0

pidigits

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 2.dart 1892ms 32ms 19.5MB 1820ms 53ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 2.dart 2080ms 11ms 21.7MB 2023ms 43ms dart/exe 2.19.2
d 1.d 3528ms 25ms 7.9MB 3530ms 17ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 9.3MB 4997ms 17ms dmd 2.102.0

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 2.dart 471ms 4.6ms 22.0MB 420ms 33ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 2.dart 534ms 23ms 20.2MB 483ms 33ms dart/exe 2.19.2
d 1.d 833ms 5.7ms 7.8MB 820ms 3ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 1661ms 15ms 9.4MB 1647ms 7ms dmd 2.102.0

regex-redux

Input: 2500000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 3.d 881ms 1.9ms 167.1MB 1077ms 73ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 3.d 2003ms 6.0ms 171.4MB 2230ms 63ms dmd 2.102.0
dart 1.dart timeout 0.0ms 103.2MB 4937ms 37ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart timeout 0.0ms 103.9MB 4940ms 30ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev

Input: 250000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 3.d 95ms 1.0ms 23.2MB 100ms 7ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 3.d 211ms 1.4ms 25.3MB 217ms 3ms dmd 2.102.0
dart 1.dart 825ms 3.8ms 55.9MB 793ms 17ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 1.dart 860ms 27ms 55.6MB 823ms 17ms dart/exe 2.19.2

secp256k1

Input: 2000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 6.0MB 4993ms 3ms dmd 2.102.0
d 1.d timeout 0.0ms 3.7MB 4990ms 7ms ldc2 1.30.0

Input: 500

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 1797ms 20ms 3.8MB 1787ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 3571ms 7.9ms 5.9MB 3563ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0

spectral-norm

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 3326ms 2880ms 5.1MB 4983ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
d 1.d 4357ms 8.9ms 3.7MB 4343ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
dart 1.dart timeout 0.0ms 11.8MB 4980ms 0ms dart/exe 2.19.2
dart 1.dart timeout 0.0ms 14.0MB 4980ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 1091ms 0.8ms 3.5MB 1080ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 1256ms 3.0ms 5.1MB 1243ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
dart 1.dart 1455ms 14ms 12.4MB 1437ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 1.dart 1702ms 37ms 13.7MB 1680ms 0ms dart/exe 2.19.2

Input: 2000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
d 1.d 278ms 0.5ms 3.0MB 267ms 0ms ldc2 1.30.0
d 1.d 318ms 1.4ms 4.4MB 310ms 0ms dmd 2.102.0
dart 1.dart 372ms 5.1ms 13.9MB 353ms 0ms dart/exe 3.0.0-187.0.dev
dart 1.dart 439ms 18ms 13.9MB 423ms 0ms dart/exe 2.19.2