Dart VS Java benchmarks

Current benchmark data was generated on Fri May 20 2022, full log can be found HERE

CONTRIBUTIONS are WELCOME!

[x86_64][2 cores] Intel(R) Xeon(R) Platinum 8370C CPU @ 2.80GHz (Model 106)

* -m in a file name stands for multi-threading or multi-processing

* -i in a file name stands for direct intrinsics usage. (Usage of simd intrinsics via libraries is not counted)

* -ffi in a file name stands for non-stdlib FFI usage

* (You may find time < time(user) + time(sys) for some non-parallelized programs, the overhead is from GC or JIT compiler, which are allowed to take advantage of multi-cores as that's more close to real-world scenarios.)

binarytrees

Input: 18

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 2.java 696ms 2.2ms 409.6MB 713ms 83ms openjdk 19
java 2.java 732ms 12ms 407.3MB 713ms 120ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 1014ms 30ms 680.5MB 813ms 113ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
dart 1.dart 1175ms 1.0ms 86.0MB 1150ms 40ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 2.java 1293ms 8.5ms 1082.9MB 893ms 617ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 120ms 2.8ms 49.2MB 100ms 13ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 2.java 165ms 4.3ms 107.3MB 167ms 37ms openjdk 19
java 2.java 170ms 6.4ms 107.5MB 173ms 20ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 296ms 1.4ms 243.7MB 183ms 150ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 2.java 495ms 4.1ms 170.5MB 243ms 27ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

coro-prime-sieve

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 1-m.java 3243ms 64ms 199.4MB 6117ms 97ms loom 19
dart 1.dart timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms dart/exe 2.17.0

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 1-m.java 731ms 33ms 110.8MB 1270ms 53ms loom 19
dart 1.dart 1215ms 11ms 227.3MB 1130ms 145ms dart/exe 2.17.0

edigits

Input: 250001

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 1-m.java 760ms 90ms 208.5MB 1317ms 83ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 933ms 37ms 465.4MB 1367ms 287ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 960ms 60ms 203.4MB 1720ms 73ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 1076ms 28ms 279.7MB 1337ms 93ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
dart 1.dart timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms dart/exe 2.17.0

Input: 100000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 1-m.java 439ms 25ms 116.5MB 747ms 40ms openjdk 19
java 1-m.java 450ms 68ms 131.1MB 740ms 43ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 522ms 30ms 213.8MB 750ms 147ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1.java 718ms 6.1ms 187.5MB 653ms 57ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
dart 1.dart 839ms 3.1ms 45.1MB 803ms 20ms dart/exe 2.17.0

fannkuch-redux

Input: 11

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 1-m.java 1694ms 12ms 115.5MB 3200ms 47ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 1-m.java 1739ms 18ms 40.9MB 3257ms 50ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 1764ms 64ms 40.9MB 3373ms 13ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 1777ms 17ms 41.6MB 3387ms 23ms openjdk 19
dart 2.dart 4178ms 63ms 11.7MB 4163ms 0ms dart/exe 2.17.0

Input: 10

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 1-m.java 270ms 8.0ms 39.6MB 433ms 27ms openjdk 19
java 1-m.java 274ms 9.9ms 40.7MB 453ms 10ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1-m.java 302ms 5.9ms 40.7MB 427ms 53ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
dart 2.dart 334ms 1.0ms 13.7MB 320ms 0ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 1.java 590ms 20ms 98.1MB 440ms 30ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

fasta

Input: 2500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 4.java 506ms 1.2ms 42.0MB 553ms 20ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 4.java 515ms 4.6ms 41.1MB 577ms 13ms openjdk 19
java 4.java 543ms 3.4ms 38.8MB 560ms 53ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
dart 1.dart 560ms 1.4ms 21.9MB 540ms 3ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 4.java 930ms 2.1ms 126.2MB 910ms 47ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

Input: 250000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 64ms 1.0ms 16.4MB 50ms 3ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 4.java 141ms 5.7ms 39.0MB 170ms 7ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 4.java 145ms 4.3ms 39.1MB 167ms 13ms openjdk 19
java 4.java 181ms 3.0ms 40.2MB 170ms 47ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 4.java 464ms 4.5ms 89.8MB 187ms 23ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

helloworld

Input: QwQ

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 6.6ms 0.4ms 11.9MB 0ms 0ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 1.java 71ms 3.3ms 59.7MB 64ms 14ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 1.java 75ms 4.6ms 38.7MB 76ms 6ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 78ms 3.9ms 38.4MB 76ms 6ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 115ms 2.8ms 38.3MB 76ms 52ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

http-server

Input: 3000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 3910ms 26ms 98.0MB 1207ms 717ms dart/exe 2.17.0

Input: 500

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 1438ms 218ms 53.9MB 167ms 130ms dart/exe 2.17.0

json-serde

Input: sample 5000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 273ms 0.9ms 58.6MB 257ms 7ms dart/exe 2.17.0

Input: canada 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 2207ms 5.7ms 278.4MB 2277ms 127ms dart/exe 2.17.0

knucleotide

Input: 2500000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 3-m.java 1452ms 20ms 113.0MB 2687ms 40ms openjdk 19
java 3-m.java 1455ms 10ms 113.4MB 2647ms 47ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 3-m.java 1515ms 56ms 197.1MB 2773ms 63ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 3-m.java 2013ms 36ms 174.4MB 3573ms 137ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
dart 3-m.dart 2456ms 27ms 229.2MB 4223ms 100ms dart/exe 2.17.0

Input: 250000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 3-m.dart 413ms 11ms 193.5MB 647ms 57ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 3-m.java 447ms 47ms 83.3MB 730ms 33ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 3-m.java 484ms 12ms 95.1MB 833ms 30ms openjdk 19
java 3-m.java 497ms 47ms 97.6MB 767ms 77ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 3-m.java 1174ms 140ms 173.3MB 1777ms 53ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

lru

Input: 1000 1000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 2.dart 246ms 0.1ms 35.6MB 227ms 7ms dart/exe 2.17.0
dart 1.dart 1459ms 1.3ms 44.4MB 1437ms 7ms dart/exe 2.17.0

Input: 1000 3000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 2.dart 705ms 2.3ms 42.9MB 687ms 10ms dart/exe 2.17.0
dart 1.dart 4331ms 1.5ms 44.5MB 4307ms 10ms dart/exe 2.17.0

Input: 100 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 2.dart 116ms 3.4ms 23.1MB 100ms 0ms dart/exe 2.17.0
dart 1.dart 222ms 0.9ms 44.7MB 200ms 7ms dart/exe 2.17.0

merkletrees

Input: 17

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 1.java 489ms 6.8ms 286.1MB 513ms 60ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 491ms 9.7ms 288.9MB 507ms 63ms openjdk 19
dart 1.dart 653ms 6.2ms 71.7MB 630ms 33ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 1.java 870ms 1.9ms 365.7MB 693ms 97ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 1.java 952ms 3.7ms 751.8MB 610ms 470ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 157ms 1.0ms 51.1MB 133ms 17ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 1.java 215ms 3.7ms 170.3MB 240ms 33ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 218ms 2.5ms 172.0MB 227ms 43ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 422ms 10.0ms 352.5MB 247ms 223ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1.java 585ms 6.4ms 245.8MB 370ms 73ms graal/jvm 17.0.3

nbody

Input: 5000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 3.dart 517ms 1.4ms 13.8MB 503ms 0ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 1.java 551ms 5.5ms 40.5MB 567ms 13ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 554ms 3.0ms 39.8MB 567ms 10ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 602ms 0.9ms 40.9MB 573ms 53ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 1.java 856ms 5.8ms 83.0MB 570ms 23ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 2.java 1864ms 6.1ms 544.3MB 1893ms 117ms openjdk 19
java 2.java 1934ms 11ms 547.2MB 1927ms 157ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 2548ms 12ms 1221.8MB 1943ms 790ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

Input: 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 3.dart 60ms 0.8ms 11.9MB 43ms 0ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 1.java 135ms 3.2ms 40.6MB 147ms 17ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 136ms 2.9ms 41.5MB 147ms 17ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 188ms 6.9ms 38.4MB 160ms 53ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1
java 2.java 410ms 4.1ms 337.4MB 470ms 83ms openjdk 19
java 2.java 418ms 12ms 322.7MB 483ms 73ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 452ms 2.8ms 88.4MB 170ms 23ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 2.java 668ms 2.0ms 471.8MB 523ms 297ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

pidigits

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 2.dart 1799ms 2.5ms 19.6MB 1773ms 40ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 19
java 1.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 2.dart 429ms 1.1ms 20.0MB 410ms 13ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 1.java 1363ms 13ms 396.9MB 1753ms 97ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 1.java 1532ms 15ms 240.8MB 2047ms 80ms openjdk 19
java 1.java 1539ms 11ms 250.8MB 1873ms 60ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 1.java 1946ms 0.8ms 933.1MB 1893ms 633ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

spectral-norm

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 2-m.java 4196ms 119ms 114.4MB 8067ms 43ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
dart 1.dart timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 2.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk 19
java 2.java timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
java 2-m.java 1250ms 41ms 113.4MB 2290ms 43ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
dart 1.dart 1296ms 1.1ms 12.0MB 1280ms 0ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 2-m.java 1869ms 283ms 40.1MB 3540ms 17ms openjdk 19
java 2-m.java 2399ms 256ms 38.9MB 4587ms 13ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2-m.java 2632ms 59ms 38.7MB 4990ms 53ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1

Input: 2000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
dart 1.dart 331ms 2.2ms 13.3MB 320ms 0ms dart/exe 2.17.0
java 2-m.java 550ms 46ms 39.9MB 977ms 10ms openjdk 19
java 2-m.java 719ms 15ms 40.3MB 1293ms 23ms openjdk 18.0.1
java 2.java 745ms 21ms 103.0MB 733ms 23ms graal/jvm 17.0.3
java 2-m.java 782ms 4.4ms 39.0MB 1343ms 57ms openjdk/zgc 18.0.1