Zig VS Kotlin benchmarks

Current benchmark data was generated on Wed Sep 28 2022, full log can be found HERE

CONTRIBUTIONS are WELCOME!

[x86_64][2 cores] Intel(R) Xeon(R) Platinum 8370C CPU @ 2.80GHz (Model 106)

* -m in a file name stands for multi-threading or multi-processing

* -i in a file name stands for direct intrinsics usage. (Usage of simd intrinsics via libraries is not counted)

* -ffi in a file name stands for non-stdlib FFI usage

* (You may find time < time(user) + time(sys) for some non-parallelized programs, the overhead is from GC or JIT compiler, which are allowed to take advantage of multi-cores as that's more close to real-world scenarios.)

binarytrees

Input: 18

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 646ms 21ms 412.3MB 653ms 97ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
zig 1.zig 2187ms 28ms 49.2MB 2163ms 10ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1-m.kt 4834ms 48ms 246.8MB 7880ms 53ms kotlin/native 1.7.10

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 126ms 2.8ms 109.7MB 110ms 30ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
zig 1.zig 175ms 1.6ms 7.1MB 160ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1-m.kt 415ms 1.2ms 30.5MB 690ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10

edigits

Input: 250001

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 3832ms 0.3ms 2.7MB 3803ms 10ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

Input: 100000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 636ms 0.8ms 2.1MB 613ms 7ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

fannkuch-redux

Input: 11

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 2-m.zig 1322ms 13ms 0.7MB 2567ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 3-i.zig 1564ms 3.3ms 0.6MB 1550ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 2.zig 2504ms 1.6ms 0.6MB 2490ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 1.zig 3429ms 4.8ms 0.6MB 3413ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

Input: 10

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 2-m.zig 124ms 1.5ms 2.6MB 217ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 3-i.zig 132ms 0.5ms 0.6MB 120ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 2.zig 213ms 0.2ms 0.6MB 200ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 1.zig 285ms 1.2ms 0.6MB 273ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

fasta

Input: 2500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 155ms 0.3ms 0.6MB 147ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

Input: 250000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 18ms 0.5ms 0.6MB 10ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

helloworld

Input: QwQ

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 1.4ms 0.1ms 0.6MB 0ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1.kt 2.4ms 0.6ms 1.1MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10
kotlin 1.kt 63ms 5.3ms 40.8MB 46ms 10ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

json-serde

Input: sample 5000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 113ms 0.7ms 12.6MB 100ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1-m.kt 1139ms 25ms 213.2MB 1950ms 80ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

Input: canada 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 711ms 5.5ms 79.3MB 650ms 43ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1-m.kt 4079ms 251ms 946.0MB 5950ms 247ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

knucleotide

Input: 2500000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 1234ms 8.1ms 22.0MB 1207ms 13ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

Input: 250000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 138ms 1.0ms 9.2MB 123ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

lru

Input: 1000 1000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 45ms 1.2ms 2.9MB 30ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1.kt 235ms 2.4ms 109.9MB 300ms 20ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 240ms 22ms 118.0MB 360ms 23ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 464ms 12ms 54.1MB 747ms 3ms kotlin/native 1.7.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10

Input: 1000 3000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 126ms 0.6ms 2.8MB 113ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 2.kt 369ms 0.6ms 130.6MB 470ms 27ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 454ms 2.5ms 132.8MB 503ms 37ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 1384ms 2.6ms 146.0MB 2140ms 37ms kotlin/native 1.7.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10

Input: 100 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 21ms 1.4ms 1.6MB 10ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1-m.kt 170ms 2.4ms 75.9MB 250ms 17ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 178ms 4.3ms 76.8MB 253ms 20ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 237ms 4.8ms 27.9MB 387ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10

mandelbrot

Input: 5000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 424ms 0.6ms 4.3MB 410ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 21ms 1.2ms 0.6MB 10ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

merkletrees

Input: 17

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 500ms 21ms 561.1MB 477ms 100ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
zig 1.zig 1060ms 4.5ms 41.2MB 1037ms 7ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1.kt 2330ms 9.2ms 138.2MB 3397ms 23ms kotlin/native 1.7.10

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 188ms 3.7ms 221.5MB 170ms 47ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
zig 1.zig 207ms 1.3ms 11.3MB 190ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1.kt 425ms 5.9ms 38.1MB 613ms 3ms kotlin/native 1.7.10

nbody

Input: 5000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 2.zig 315ms 23ms 0.7MB 303ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 1.zig 364ms 1.4ms 0.7MB 350ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1n.kt 537ms 3.4ms 1.1MB 527ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10
kotlin 1.kt 566ms 0.2ms 43.2MB 580ms 17ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

Input: 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 2.zig 35ms 3.1ms 0.7MB 20ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 1.zig 40ms 1.7ms 0.7MB 30ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1n.kt 58ms 0.7ms 1.2MB 50ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10
kotlin 1.kt 135ms 0.8ms 43.2MB 157ms 10ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

nsieve

Input: 12

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 2.zig 426ms 6.6ms 6.1MB 413ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

Input: 10

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 2.zig 95ms 0.4ms 2.5MB 83ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

pidigits

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 2200ms 1.9ms 2.4MB 2173ms 10ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10
kotlin 2n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 1.zig 494ms 0.2ms 2.0MB 483ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
kotlin 1.kt 1434ms 9.9ms 207.7MB 1760ms 50ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10
kotlin 2n.kt timeout 0.0ms 0.0MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.7.10

spectral-norm

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 2-m.zig 1067ms 4.3ms 1.8MB 2063ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 2.zig 2065ms 1.0ms 1.6MB 2050ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 1.zig 4582ms 5.2ms 1.6MB 4567ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 2-m.zig 277ms 1.4ms 0.8MB 510ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 2.zig 518ms 1.1ms 0.7MB 510ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 1.zig 1147ms 0.2ms 0.6MB 1137ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361

Input: 2000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
zig 2-m.zig 76ms 2.3ms 0.8MB 120ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 2.zig 132ms 0.1ms 0.7MB 120ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361
zig 1.zig 289ms 0.5ms 0.7MB 280ms 0ms zig 0.10.0-dev.4192+c75e8f361