Nim VS Kotlin benchmarks

Current benchmark data was generated on Mon Feb 06 2023, full log can be found HERE

CONTRIBUTIONS are WELCOME!

[x86_64][2 cores] Intel(R) Xeon(R) Platinum 8272CL CPU @ 2.60GHz (Model 85)

* -m in a file name stands for multi-threading or multi-processing

* -i in a file name stands for direct intrinsics usage. (Usage of simd intrinsics via libraries is not counted)

* -ffi in a file name stands for non-stdlib FFI usage

* (You may find time < time(user) + time(sys) for some non-parallelized programs, the overhead is from GC or JIT compiler, which are allowed to take advantage of multi-cores as that's more close to real-world scenarios.)

binarytrees

Input: 18

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 680ms 32ms 605.5MB 653ms 140ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
nim 2.nim 2133ms 3.3ms 33.6MB 2107ms 13ms nim 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 2138ms 5.8ms 35.0MB 2120ms 3ms nim/clang 1.6.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 214.4MB 8197ms 1193ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 148ms 16ms 109.3MB 117ms 33ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
nim 2.nim 201ms 0.2ms 5.7MB 190ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 202ms 1.0ms 5.6MB 190ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
kotlin 1-m.kt 596ms 9.2ms 30.5MB 1030ms 100ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

coro-prime-sieve

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 2-m.kt 3157ms 743ms 180.6MB 5957ms 97ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 3186ms 97ms 160.2MB 4060ms 70ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 10.7MB 6297ms 270ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 2-m.kt timeout 0.0ms 31.8MB 9370ms 150ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 429.3MB 3407ms 1243ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 432.9MB 3397ms 1250ms nim/clang 1.6.10

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1-m.kt 752ms 40ms 101.1MB 1307ms 60ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 1041ms 62ms 99.5MB 1863ms 50ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 1092ms 41ms 26.4MB 1957ms 43ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 1.kt 1175ms 17ms 8.7MB 1417ms 97ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 431.1MB 3390ms 1257ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 433.4MB 3370ms 1273ms nim/clang 1.6.10

edigits

Input: 250001

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 3.0MB 4983ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 3.0MB 4987ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10

Input: 100000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 2.3MB 4990ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 2.2MB 4990ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10

fasta

Input: 2500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 2.nim 242ms 0.5ms 1.0MB 227ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 308ms 2.2ms 1.3MB 300ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 690ms 3.1ms 1.2MB 593ms 80ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 712ms 0.9ms 1.0MB 607ms 90ms nim 1.6.10

Input: 250000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 2.nim 26ms 0.8ms 1.1MB 20ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 34ms 0.4ms 1.2MB 23ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 72ms 1.4ms 1.2MB 53ms 3ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 74ms 0.4ms 1.0MB 60ms 0ms nim 1.6.10

helloworld

Input: QwQ

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim 1.4ms 0.5ms 1.0MB 0ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 1.7ms 0.5ms 1.3MB 0ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
kotlin 1.kt 2.7ms 0.5ms 1.5MB 0ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 1.kt 68ms 5.9ms 40.9MB 54ms 12ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

http-server

Input: 3000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim 848ms 0.3ms 93.8MB 397ms 420ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 881ms 2.7ms 94.5MB 433ms 417ms nim/clang 1.6.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 240.0MB 8973ms 560ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2.kt timeout 0.0ms 296.4MB 8620ms 767ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

Input: 500

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim 134ms 0.7ms 18.3MB 50ms 70ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 143ms 2.2ms 18.1MB 57ms 73ms nim/clang 1.6.10
kotlin 2-m.kt 2762ms 277ms 199.6MB 4230ms 370ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1-m.kt 3108ms 353ms 192.5MB 4943ms 437ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

lru

Input: 1000 1000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 2.nim 149ms 0.3ms 1.3MB 140ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 152ms 0.1ms 1.0MB 140ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
kotlin 2.kt 253ms 4.6ms 113.5MB 353ms 23ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1.kt 271ms 20ms 113.4MB 323ms 43ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 468ms 3.6ms 48.2MB 687ms 23ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 14.9MB 5003ms 7ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 1.0MB 4990ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 1.3MB 4983ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10

Input: 1000 3000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 2.kt 423ms 8.2ms 125.2MB 493ms 50ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
nim 2.nim 440ms 0.3ms 1.2MB 430ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 451ms 0.0ms 1.0MB 440ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
kotlin 1.kt 490ms 5.2ms 132.5MB 530ms 37ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2.kt 1471ms 4.0ms 115.4MB 2097ms 90ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 17.3MB 4993ms 13ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 1.1MB 4987ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 1.3MB 4987ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10

Input: 100 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 2.nim 65ms 0.4ms 1.2MB 53ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 66ms 0.7ms 1.0MB 60ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
kotlin 1.kt 190ms 6.1ms 73.7MB 247ms 23ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 198ms 6.4ms 75.8MB 280ms 20ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 2-m.kt 232ms 1.0ms 28.3MB 357ms 7ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
nim 1.nim 388ms 6.2ms 1.3MB 377ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 438ms 20ms 1.0MB 427ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 17.1MB 5000ms 7ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

mandelbrot

Input: 5000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim 587ms 5.9ms 4.8MB 573ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 869ms 0.8ms 4.5MB 860ms 0ms nim 1.6.10

Input: 1000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim 27ms 0.5ms 1.2MB 20ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 39ms 1.5ms 1.1MB 30ms 0ms nim 1.6.10

merkletrees

Input: 17

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 514ms 21ms 361.1MB 490ms 93ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
nim 1.nim 1081ms 3.0ms 34.6MB 1060ms 3ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 1089ms 2.4ms 34.6MB 1063ms 7ms nim 1.6.10
kotlin 1-m.kt 3231ms 169ms 138.5MB 4950ms 777ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

Input: 15

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 203ms 3.9ms 221.1MB 177ms 57ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
nim 1.nim 230ms 0.3ms 9.3MB 217ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 230ms 0.9ms 9.5MB 217ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
kotlin 1-m.kt 648ms 0.2ms 38.4MB 1067ms 100ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

nbody

Input: 5000000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 2.nim 404ms 0.9ms 1.3MB 390ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 415ms 13ms 1.2MB 403ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
kotlin 1.kt 660ms 1.7ms 43.2MB 647ms 23ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt 660ms 9.2ms 1.5MB 650ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

Input: 500000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 2.nim 43ms 0.7ms 1.3MB 30ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 44ms 0.9ms 1.3MB 30ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
kotlin 1n.kt 75ms 2.4ms 5.5MB 67ms 0ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 1.kt 156ms 6.4ms 42.8MB 153ms 20ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2

nsieve

Input: 12

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 2.nim 689ms 7.0ms 6.3MB 677ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 838ms 3.1ms 6.0MB 827ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 1031ms 44ms 40.6MB 1010ms 10ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 1316ms 20ms 41.3MB 1290ms 10ms nim/clang 1.6.10

Input: 10

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim 122ms 2.5ms 11.1MB 107ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 142ms 1.3ms 11.2MB 130ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 154ms 1.1ms 3.3MB 140ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 2.nim 198ms 0.5ms 3.1MB 183ms 0ms nim 1.6.10

pidigits

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 212.7MB 5380ms 73ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 18.8MB 6640ms 163ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 2n.kt timeout 0.0ms 11.0MB 5047ms 123ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 5.8MB 4980ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 5.8MB 4983ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
kotlin 1.kt 1500ms 20ms 248.1MB 1817ms 97ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 19.0MB 6643ms 180ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
kotlin 2n.kt timeout 0.0ms 8.2MB 5037ms 130ms kotlin/native 1.8.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 5.9MB 4987ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim timeout 0.0ms 5.8MB 4983ms 3ms nim/clang 1.6.10

regex-redux

Input: 2500000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim 2436ms 0.3ms 167.9MB 2367ms 47ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 2487ms 3.3ms 167.2MB 2417ms 50ms nim 1.6.10
kotlin 1.kt timeout 0.0ms 161.4MB 5330ms 63ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt timeout 0.0ms 277.2MB 5207ms 970ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

Input: 250000_in

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim 249ms 1.1ms 17.1MB 237ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 255ms 1.2ms 16.8MB 237ms 3ms nim 1.6.10
kotlin 1.kt 1024ms 13ms 95.3MB 1387ms 47ms kotlin/jvm 17.0.2
kotlin 1n.kt 4777ms 65ms 65.3MB 6153ms 33ms kotlin/native 1.8.10

spectral-norm

Input: 8000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim 3433ms 1.3ms 1.3MB 3420ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 3434ms 1.2ms 1.3MB 3420ms 0ms nim 1.6.10

Input: 4000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim 861ms 0.6ms 1.3MB 847ms 0ms nim 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 862ms 1.6ms 1.3MB 850ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10

Input: 2000

lang code time stddev peak-mem mem time(user) time(sys) compiler compiler/runtime
nim 1.nim 217ms 0.3ms 1.3MB 207ms 0ms nim/clang 1.6.10
nim 1.nim 218ms 0.4ms 1.3MB 207ms 0ms nim 1.6.10